Prehistoric Corfu

Τhe Archaeological Museum of Corfu has a rich collection of prehistoric items coming from surveys, salvage excavations, deliveries and donations. In the showcases of the gallery artifacts from Corfu and the Diapontian islands are exhibited, covering a long period of the island’s Prehistory from the Palaeolithic period down to the Bronze Age.

The earliest evidence of human presence in Corfu dates to the Middle Palaeolithic period. Stone tools discovered in sites scattered all over the island attest to the fact that Corfu as well as the little adjacent islands were inhabited by transhumant hunter-gatherers about 150.000 to 100.000 years ago. Distinctive groups of such stone tools are on display at the museum's exhibition.

Of special interest are the finds from the rock shelter at Grava Gardiki, the only excavated Palaeolithic site on the island. During the Upper Palaeolithic, namely 20.000-12.000 years ago (Gravettian period), the rock shelter was used due to its favourable natural position as a base of hunter-gatherers.
  
The exhibits from the site of Canal d’ Amour at Sidari possess a prominent position in the prehistoric collection. The site was excavated in 1964-1965 by the pioneer Corfiot archaeologist Augustus Sordinas and was investigated again in 2004 in the course of salvage works. Canal d' Amour is an important prehistoric site of the Ionian and the Adriatic region, as it produced rare evidence of the Mesolithic period (end of the 8th-beginning of the 7th millennium BC) and of the early stages of the Neolithic period (mid 6th millennium BC).

Vessels for storage and food consumption, millstones and pestles for processing cereals, stone and metal axes, spindle whorls and clay spools, bone and stone tools, jewellery of various materials reveal to the visitor aspects of the Bronze age life. In the 3rd millennium BC and during the first half of the 2nd millennium BC there is an increase of the inhabited sites in Corfu; these settlements are usually located at naturally fortified or sheltered locations, whereas at the same time the practice of burying the deceased in graves within the settlements or in organized cemeteries of the tumulus type appears.

Leaf-shaped peaks, Middle Palaeolithic
Gravettian point, Upper Palaeolithic
Triangular microlith, Mesolithic period
Phiale with pressed decoration, Ancient Neolithic
Goblets, Early-Mid Bronze Age
Bronze axe, Late Bronze Age
         
Contact:
Vraila 1, Τ.Κ. 49100, Corfu, Greece
τ +30 26610 30680 f +30 26610 47951
efaker@culture.gr
Opening hours:
Everyday except Wednesday: 08:00 - 20:00
Tickets:
General admission: 6€, Reduced: 3€
Free admission for young people up to 18
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